EMPOWERMENT THROUGH LIVELIHOOD
This intervention is implemented in 3 project locations. A combination of activities is often used in these project locations.
Bankura, West Bengal
· Farming based Livelihood
· Asset Creation and Employment Guarantee
· Mushroom Cultivation and Marketing
· Animal Husbandry
Bishnupur, West Bengal
· Farming based livelihood
· Mushroom cultivation and Marketing
· Farming based livelihood
· Non farming based livelihood
In Bankura district of West Bengal, Shamayita Krishi Kendra (SKK) was established in 2005-06 to work towards socio-economic stability of the rural people through promotion of sustainable livelihood.
In 2011-12, it has worked with 6,338 farmers spread over 69 villages in 7 Blocks of Bankura district. Syngenta Foundation India had been the major partner providing technical and financial support thereby helping Shamayita Math in meeting the objectives and fulfilling the dreams of SKK.
Activities to meet the objectives:
I. Ensuring food security through paddy productivity enhancement - Techniques used: Seed replacement, quality seed distribution, promotion of SRI technology, line sowing and Hybrid paddy. In the current year 199.39 MT of paddy seed was made available to farmers of the project area.
II. Income generation through commercial vegetable cultivation. This was achieved through quality seed and seedling supply to farmers selected for this activity, promoting field level low-cost nursery, hand holding support for nursery and disease pest management, market linkage for produces, linkage of farmers with Pepsico for contract farming of potato.
III. Formation of growers groups for collective production and collective marketing. This was achieved by crop planning, preparation of harvest calendar with the farmers, hand holding and orientation, credit linkage through nationalized banks, crop insurance, establishment of collection centre and arranging the necessary logistic arrangement.
IV. Crop diversification matching with socio-economic condition, land profile, climatic conditions and available resources. This was achieved through promotion of pulses, oil seeds and other cereals, ensuring quality seeds, relevant trial and demonstration and crop planning with area specific available resources.
a. 41 farmers in 19 villages intercropped Maize crop with Black Gram in Kharif season of FY 2011-12.
b. In 29 Villages 64 farmers cultivated Lentil, Lathyrus and oilseeds by Poira method in 20.39 acres. This was undertaken with the support of Dryland Research Station, Bankura.
c. Lathyrus(variety Nirmal) was cultivated by 91 farmers from 6 villages on 26.66 acres of land. This was under GRASSPEA PROJECT (DAC-ICARDA-ICAR)
d. 289 farmers from 28 villages cultivated Lentil (variety - B-77 (Asha),WBL- 58(Subrata), on67.7 acres of land.
V. Soil testing facilities for soil health analysis, nutrient content at macro and micro level (Cu, Mn, Zn, Fe), electrical conductivity, pH and recommendation for organic & inorganic nutrient application. In the period June 2011-March, 2012, 314 samples were tested for their p , EC, organic carbon, potassium and phosphate content. 222 samples were tested for determining the amount of micro-nutrients- Cu, Mn, Zn and Fe.
VI. Seed testing before sowing to observe proper germination.
Alternative livelihood generation by contract farming and seed production.
This includes the following activities.
· Seed production of paddy and other crops.
· Vegetable seed production (Open Pollinated)
· Potato cultivation under Pepsico.
· Seed production of hybrid maize and other field crops like pulses, oil seeds, cereals.
· Vegetable seed production (hybrid)
The soil & climatic conditions of Bankura has been proved to be suitable for vegetable seed production. In the current project seed production of Hybrid Tomato which was tried successfully by one farmer in 2010-11 was promoted among seven new farmers of the locality in the current year . Total area under cultivation was 72,230 sq. ft from which 86 kg of tomato seed was harvested. This has proved to be quite remunerative alternative income generation.
Bishnupur - Livelihood Activities
In Bishnupur, Empowerment through livelihood included 639 farmers from 21 villages.
i. All the 639 farmers had an enhanced productivity with the varieties MTU-7029, GB-1,IR-36 adopting SRI and line transplanting and varieties of hybrid rice like NK- 5251, INDAM-200-017 and INDAM-200-022
II. Income generation through Commercial vegetable cultivation undertaken by 237 farmers covering 30 acres of land
III. Cultivation of Boro paddy, wheat, pulses and oilseeds in 280.5 acre,12.66 acre, 3.50 acre and 194 acre respectively.
IV . Market linkage of vegetables: Ten farmers groups consisting of 139 farmers have been formed in 5 villages for market linkage. The vegetables like pointed gourd, chilly, cucumber and bitter gourd were taken up by farmers on 35 acres of land.
V . Alternate livelihood generation: This included Flower Cultivation (52 farmers), Mushroom Cultivation(18 farmers), (Kitchen Garden)17 farmers) and vegetable seed production(7 farmers).
VI. Contract Farming: Technical intervention was provided for potato growers doing contract farming under PepsiCo for quality yield. From June 2011 Shamayita Math entered into an agreement with PepsiCo to render technical guidance to 200 farmers from 21 villages of Bishnupur area belonging to Prakash Samabay Krishi Unnayan Samity (SKUS) , a
vendor of PepsiCo.Out of the 200 farmers of Prakash SKUS 46 farmers from 14 villages of Bishnupur were involved in other activities like SRI cultivation of paddy, growing of hybrid paddy, cultivation of hybrid vegetables.
VII. 7 farmers from Ramnagar village had supplementary income through vegetable seed production (open pollinated). This was a new effort in which 2 quintal of bitter gourd seed was produced on 4 bigha of land from 750 gm of seed supplied by Devgiri Seeds. The seeds produced was bought back by Devgiri Seed Company at the rate of Rs 350 per kg, hence Rs 70,000/- was earned from 4 bigha of land. Also 80 quintal vegetable was produced, which fetched a market price of Rs
Chattisgarh - Livelihood Activities
Adequate food security for the farnmers here was proviuded through improved paddy cultivation that included-
Training and Demonstration on paddy and vegetable cultivation for improvement in present practice Scientific/T echnical interventions in terms of introduction of certified paddy seeds, selection of season specific crop and vegetables, selection of the right variety of crop and vegetables.
Support in terms of inputs like fertilizers and insecticides
Demonstration and training of farmers
Total number of beneficiaries for paddy cultivation - 105
Total land under improved paddy - 62.50 acres
Total quantity of paddy seeds distributed - 30.08 quintal
Total income from paddy cultivation Rs. 9,18,000
Income generation through cultivation and marketing of vegetables
Vegetable cultivation was very less prevalent among the tribal farmers due to which the land used to lay barren after the harvest of paddy. Introduction of quality vegetable cultivation round the year in the home stead land and facilitation of irrigation through construction of water harvesting structures and lifting of water from rivers through pumps and distribution through pipe lines have been an additional yet substantial source of income for the otherwise idle farmers.
- Total number of farmers/SHG groups involved in Vegetable Cultivation - 135
- No of farmers involved individually - 8
- Total land for cultivation of vegetable 18.1 acres
- Total earned income till March 2012 - Rs 2,57,000
- Five numbers of Farmer's group and two numbers of Farmers' Club have formed which have been linked with Chhattisgarh Gramin Bank.
- Total number of beneficiaries for maize cultivation - 57
- Total land for cultivation of maize - 19 acres
- Total quantity of maize (hybrid + normal) seeds given - 100kg
- Total production - 235 quintal
- Total income from maize cultivation - Rs. 2,58,000
Irrigation Support provided:
- Construction of well (8), pond (6), debri (3), water storage & feeder tank (12)
- Trenching and laying of underground PVC pipeline (10282 m)
- Construction of pump house (10) and pump installation (16)
To empower the tribal women attempts have been made to improve the traditional skills through training and formation of self help groups. The interventions can be summarized as follows:
- Training is provided to enterprising tribal women on tailoring which has been accepted and adopted. The trained women have mastered the skill, established linkage with Chattisgarh Gramin Bank and are earning about Rs. 1200 to Rs. 1500 per month through stitching dresses, Nylon handbag and school dress.
- Collective collection of Non-Timber Forest Produce (NTFP) like tamarind & mahua
- Training on preparation of food items like snacks and market linkage in local market, village festivals and fairs after packaging
- Broom making and marketing collective vegetable cultivation and marketing of fresh vegetables in local market
Reducing mortality of domestic animals and ensuring additional livelihood through animal husbandry. Cattle, goat, pig, sheep, poultry birds and duck are an integral part of almost all rural families. But the farmers are rarely used to the habit of availing the services of the Government Animal Health Centre or local veterinary officer . Twenty four animal health camps were held covering 1,135 beneficiaries and treatment to 4759 animals.
This was achieved through goat farmer groups for proper management, breed improvement and better price. Vaccination camps were organized to get rid of epidemic and endemic diseases. Cross breed piggery was promoted among tribal beneficiaries and village level field guide were given handholding support.
Achievement in Animal Husbandry
· Mortality of cattle due to FMD & HSBQ reduced by 90 percent
· Reducing mortality of goat by 90% in kids by de-worming. No mortality due to PPR
· Enhanced body weight and improved quality of hide
· Mortality of new born reduced to 10% as against earlier record of 60%
Asset Creation and Employment Guarantee Program
In 2011-12, Shamayita Math started facilitating implementation of Govt. flagship program (MGNREGA) in the villages under Lachmanpur Gram Panchayet on holistic developmental approach like Integrated Natural Resource Management for creating assets along with wage employment generation. This initiative was undertaken by Shamayita Math in collaboration with PRADAN to impact lives of poor , small and marginal farmers and to strengthen the community institutions in taking responsibilities for their own development for bringing sustainable changes. The work was undertaken in following steps:
· Organizing village demands for asset creation and linking them withMGNREGA in Lachhmanpur GP comprising of 8 revenue villages.
· Building skill through exposure visits, training program to beneficiaries and persons from Gram Panchayat and Block level.
· Individual household level planning for livelihood development at family level.
· Total 46 families have been covered and 99 developmental plans have been sanctioned
Women Empowerment through Livelihood Enhancement Opportunities
Women bear almost all family responsibility yet are systematically denied the resources, information and freedom of action to fulfill the responsibility. In rural areas, women are generally not perceived to have any meaningful income generation capacity and hence they are relegated mainly to household duties and cheap labour . Without the power to earn a good income, their voices are silenced. With this as the focus, Shamayita Math has organized rural women into Self Help Groups and provided them with the scope of alternate income or supplementary income even after maintaining the family responsibilities. During the year 2011-12 Shamayita Math has helped in nurturing 64 women self help groups and helped in linking them with alternate livelihood development activities.
Mushroom Cultivation: 88 rural families are involved in mushroom cultivation. Activity cluster have been formed through clustering of SHGs and entrepreneurs have been developed in village level who take the responsibility of marketing the produce. It was a new initiative and needed lot of motivation and community mobilization to develop business attitude among the rural women. Market for mushroom was established in local areas, student hostels, office complex in Bankura, urban markets of Durgapur , Asansol and retail institutions like Big Bazar.
Goat Farming: Goat rearing is a traditional skill of rural women. If goat farming is carried on modern and scientific technique it can earn a good supplementary income to contribute to household and national food security. 199 families belonging to SHGs are involved in goat rearing. The services involved the following:
· Regular vaccination and de-worming of goats. Total 878 animals were treated to impact 111 farmers.
· Promotion of low cost goat shed for the animal.
· Training on goat rearing practices and basic treatment to the leaders of SHGs involved in goat rearing.
For breed improvement 18 pure breed bucks were provided in 18 villages which added to about 1,300 healthy kids. The right dose in PPR vaccine resulted in reduction of mortality by 90%, regular de-worming led to increase in body weight by 50% thereby enhancing the value of goat by Rs 500 to Rs 600 per year . The SHG women now are also aware of market rate.
Puffed rice making (Muri): Two women SHGs namely Sabuj Sangha Women SHG and Matangini Women SHG of village Amdanga started small business enterprises with production of puffed rice (muri). 14 women belonging to 2 SHGs are engaged in this activity which adds supplementary income to the families. Two low cost, domestic scale, puffed rice making machine designed by IIT Kharagpur have been installed. Training and exposure has been provided to beneficiaries on handling and use of the machine. Handholding support has been provided in production, packaging and marketing through regular meetings. This activity is being funded by Lafarge India Pvt. Ltd. through its CSR scheme.
Skill Development Programs
At the RUDSETI at Shamayita Math (setup and run in collaboration with UBI and NABARD) entrepreneurship programs are run regularly for rural youth.
This year was its third year since inception. It has propelled self employment through skill training among 1015 rural youth of Bankura.
In Financial Year 2011-12, 367 youth were trained on different trades through support of RUDSETI out of which 58% were women. Through the support of District Rural Development Cell (DRDC), 88 women belonging to Self Help Groups from different blocks of Bankura were imparted entrepreneurship development training to enhance cottage enterprises through bank linkage. Through DRDC 65 women received training in goat farming and 18 women received training on poultry enterprise all of whom have been carrying on animal husbandry successfully with lesser mortality and better growth of domestic animals and birds. With the support of District Industrial Centre (DIC) of Bankura, skill development training was imparted to 125 trainees in different trades. With financial support from Employment Exchange under Ministry of Labour , awareness program on self employment wasconducted with 151 trainees. Through internal funds residential orientation cum motivation training was given to 136 women from Self Help Groups formed and nurtured by Shamayita Math.